The Cambridge World History Volume 2, A World with by Graeme Barker, Candice Goucher

By Graeme Barker, Candice Goucher

The advance of agriculture has frequently been defined because the most crucial switch in all of human heritage. quantity 2 of the Cambridge global heritage sequence explores the origins and effect of agriculture and agricultural groups, and in addition discusses concerns linked to pastoralism and hunter-fisher-gatherer economies. To seize the styles of this key swap around the globe, the quantity makes use of an improved time frame from 12,000 BCE–500 CE, starting with the Neolithic and carrying on with into later classes. students from a number disciplines, together with archaeology, old linguistics, biology, anthropology, and historical past, hint universal advancements within the extra advanced social buildings and cultural varieties that agriculture enabled, resembling sedentary villages and extra complicated foodways, after which current a chain of local overviews observed via designated case stories from many various elements of the area, together with Southwest Asia, South Asia, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and the Pacific, Sub-Saharan Africa, the Americas, and Europe.

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Extra resources for The Cambridge World History Volume 2, A World with Agriculture, 12,000 BCE–500 CE

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Domestic animals) for their food, as opposed to systems of animal husbandry and stock-rearing in which the keeping of livestock is well integrated with, and frequently ancillary to, the cultivation of crops (Chapter 6). Though once thought to be a primitive form of husbandry that preceded plant cultivation, it is now recognized to be more usually a sophisticated economic system on the edge of, and intimately linked to, state-level agricultural societies. The exploration of a world with agriculture invites a world historical approach.

Also, the boundaries between controlled herds and wild populations around them may often be fluid – the modern and ancient DNA of horses, for example, suggests that this has characterized domestic horses on the Eurasian steppes for most of their history, until recent decades in fact. As Chapter 6 describes, the ‘secondary products revolution’ (the exploitation of horses for riding and pulling light carts or chariots; cattle for pulling ploughs and carts; cattle, sheep, and goats for milk and milk products; sheep for wool; and all of them for their manure), first defined by Andrew 10 T.

Volume 6 (The Construction of a Global World, 1400– 1800 C E) traces the increasing biological, commercial, and cultural exchanges of the period, and explores regional and transregional political, cultural, and intellectual developments. The first book within this volume, ‘Foundations’, focuses on global matrices that allowed this increasingly interdependent world to be created, including the environment, technology, and disease; crossroads and macro-regions such as the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean, and Southeast Asia in which connections were especially intense; and large-scale political formations, particularly maritime and land-based empires such as Russia, the Islamic Empires, and the Iberian Empires that stretched across continents and seas.

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