By Martin Heale
The significance of the medieval abbot wishes no specific emphasis. The monastic superiors of past due medieval England governed over hundreds of thousands of priests and canons, who swore to them vows of obedience; they have been fashionable figures in royal and church executive; and jointly they managed homes worthy round double the Crown's annual usual source of revenue. additionally, as guardians of normal observance and the primary interface among their monastery and the broader global, abbots and priors have been pivotal to the potent functioning and healthiness of the monastic order. The Abbots and Priors of past due Medieval and Reformation England offers the 1st certain examine of English male monastic superiors, exploring their evolving position and attractiveness among the fourteenth and 16th centuries. person chapters study the election and choice of past due medieval monastic heads; the inner capabilities of some of the best because the father of the group; the top of residence as administrator; abbatial residing criteria and modes of reveal; monastic superiors' public function in provider of the Church and Crown; their exterior relatives and acceptance; the interplay among monastic heads and the govt in Henry VIII's England; the dissolution of the monasteries; and the afterlives of abbots and priors following the suppression in their homes. This learn of monastic management sheds a lot beneficial mild at the spiritual homes of overdue medieval and early Tudor England, together with their non secular existence, management, spending priorities, and their multi-faceted relatives with the surface global. The Abbots and Priors of overdue Medieval and Reformation England additionally elucidates the the most important half performed by way of monastic superiors within the dramatic occasions of the 1530s, whilst many heads surrendered their monasteries into the palms of Henry VIII. Read more...
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Additional resources for The abbots and priors of late medieval and Reformation England
238r. 11 Cust. Cant. & West. i. 71, ii. 8. g. BL, Add. MS 14,848, fos 24r–v. 12 For descriptions of these installation rituals, see inter alia: Cust. Cant. & West. i. 71–3, ii. 6–9; Ofﬁcium Eveshamensis, 154–6; Chron. York, 80–1; Cust. Eynsham, 130–1. OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 23/7/2016, SPi 18 Abbots and Priors feast for the community and local worthies. The rule of the new superior could now begin. These formal rituals and procedures, recorded in considerable detail in countless registers, however provide only a partial picture of what took place in religious houses at monastic elections.
26 Instances where a patron refused to conﬁrm an abbot-elect were rare, but not unknown. In 1442, the patron of Hartland Abbey, Sir John Dinham, withheld his conﬁrmation of the election of Richard Tawton, on the grounds that he (Dinham) had not granted his licence to elect; and the 1334 election of Simon of Walton as abbot of Bourne was opposed by the house’s patron, Sir Thomas Wake, apparently for the same reason. 28 Bishops therefore often delegated to a commissary their power to conﬁrm elections and receive the elect’s oath 23 Chron.
Abbatial voidances for monasteries of these orders, therefore, were relatively straightforward. 22 15 CAC 17–18; CBM i. 9, 16, 233. Reg. Whethamstede, i. 102–35; TNA: C 1/426/49. For similar episodes, see Jocelin of Brakelond, 7–11; St Augustine’s Cant. iii. 1667–73. 17 Pollock and Maitland, History of English Law, i. 504–5. g. DEC i. 246; Genesis 49:27. 19 CPR, 1281–1292, p. 104. 20 Thompson, Carthusian Order, 111–12. 21 New Carthusian priors were likewise expected to travel to the Grande Chartreuse, where they swore obedience to the general chapter itself: Thompson, Carthusian Order, 112.