Liberalism and the Defence of Political Constructivism by C. McKinnon

By C. McKinnon

Modern liberal political justification is frequently accused of preaching to the switched over: liberal ideas are applicable purely to humans already devoted to liberal values. Catriona McKinnon addresses this significant feedback via arguing that self-respect and its social stipulations will be put on the center of the liberal method of justification. A dedication to self-respect grants a dedication to the liberal values of toleration and public cause, yet self-respect itself isn't an solely liberal worth.

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Extra resources for Liberalism and the Defence of Political Constructivism

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What the most plausible externalists claim is that it is possible for deliberation about a reason to create a motivational commitment to act for this reason where this deliberation does not proceed from, and is not constrained by, a person’s present motivational commitments. Thus, externalists about justificatory reasons claim that a justification can be acceptable to persons even if they lack present motivational commitments to act for the justificatory reasons it contains, so long as reflection on these reasons creates motivational commitments to act on them.

28 If we assume that Perfectionist reasons are motivationally adequate with respect to the formal aspect of externalist criteria, the worry about Perfectionism relates to the demandingness of Perfectionist justificatory reasons. If, in order for justificatory reasons to become reasons for which members of a constituency of justification act, all members have to acquire the same religious beliefs or accept the truth of the same moral theory, then the diversity taken to be a permanent feature of liberal constituencies is significantly diminished.

Stage 2 should be read as a test of the motivational adequacy of stage 1 reasons, when motivational adequacy is understood in externalist or deliberative internalist terms. Wenar reads stage 2 as a test of motivational adequacy understood in sub-Humean terms, and so thinks that the fact that people as they are lack the motivational commitment to act for stage 1 justificatory reasons impugns the motivational adequacy of these reasons. That a deliberative internalist or externalist conception of motivational adequacy is required to escape criticisms like Wenar’s means that Rawls’ theory of justificatory values and reasons faces questions of demandingness.

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