Alternative Targum Traditions: The Use of Variant Readings by Alberdina Houtman

By Alberdina Houtman

This learn explores the potential of utilizing variation readings of the Targum of the Prophets to recover perception into the foundation and historical past of Targum Jonathan. The booklet comes in handy for the research of the genesis of Targum Jonathan and its later advancements.

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Extra resources for Alternative Targum Traditions: The Use of Variant Readings for the Study in Origin and History of Targum Jonathan

Sample text

Black, The Scrolls and Christian Origins: Studies in the Jewish Background of the New Testament, London 1961, Appendix C: Aramaic Texts from Qumran, 192–98, at 193. 78 See n. 77. A. Fitzmyer, The Genesis Apocryphon of Qumran Cave 1: A Commentary, Rome 20043, 18. Paul Kahle, in his book The Cairo Geniza (Oxford 1959) retracted his earlier suggestion that the work was probably a Targum and instead characterised it as a Midrash book (198). 80 Fitzmyer, The Genesis Apocryphon, 28–34. preliminary issues 29 acteristic of the Targums are absent from the Genesis Apocryphon.

O’Connor, Hebrew Verse Structure, Winona Lake 1980, 122–27, 401–4; Smelik, ‘Translation and Commentary in One’, 256. preliminary issues 21 to preserve two different readings of the source text. 58 It depends therefore on the situation, whether one or all of the renderings must be seen as a ‘straight translation’, or as a substitution, or whether some of them must be considered an addition. In our view, the main division in these cases should be whether the Aramaic lemmas can be directly linked to a Hebrew lemma or not.

A. D. York, ‘The Targum in the Synagogue and in the School’, JSJ 10 (1979), 74–86; Alexander, ‘The Targumim and the Rabbinic Rules for the Delivery of the Targum’, 14–28; R. Kasher, ‘The Aramaic Targumim and Their Sitz im Leben’, 9th WCJS: Panel Sessions Bible Studies and Ancient Near East, Jerusalem 1988, 75–85, esp. 75–77; Z. Safrai, ‘The Origins of Reading the Aramaic Targum in Synagogue’, Immanuel 24 / 25 (1990), 187–93; Idem, ‘The Targums as Part of Rabbinic Literature’, 245–49; Smelik, The Targum of Judges, 31–39.

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