Agricultural Trade Reform And the Doha Development Agenda by Will Martin; Kym Anderson

By Will Martin; Kym Anderson

Agricultural exchange reform is important to a positive improvement final result from the Doha improvement schedule. yet agricultural guidelines and the coverage reforms being pondered are fiendishly advanced, and the satan is within the info. Agricultural exchange Reform and the Doha improvement time table builds up from the basic element of the price lists and different safeguard measures, and makes use of this data to supply an research of the big-picture implications of proposed reforms. delivering the main whole and recent research of the variety of agricultural concerns lower than negotiation within the multilateral exchange negotiations underway on the planet alternate association (WTO), this identify is a beneficial source to policymakers, agricultural deepest region, and teachers in constructing and assessing the negotiating thoughts.

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Additional info for Agricultural Trade Reform And the Doha Development Agenda (World Bank Trade and Development Series)

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Even if merchandise trade were completely liberalized, the developed countries’ share of the world’s primary agricultural GDP by 2015 would be only slightly lower, at 25 percent instead of 30 percent. ) Poverty could be reduced under Doha. Under the full merchandise trade liberalization scenario, extreme poverty—those earning no more than $1 a day— would drop by 32 million in developing countries in 2015 relative to the baseline level of 622 million, a reduction of 5 percent. The majority of the poor by 2015 are projected to be in Sub-Saharan Africa, where the reduction would be 6 percent.

5. b. 5. Agriculture, Trade Reform, and the Doha Agenda 17 Most developing countries gain in our Doha scenarios, and all would if they participated more fully in the reforms. Our simulations of alternative scenarios for possible outcomes of the Doha negotiations show that middle-income countries certainly stand to gain, but so too would poorer developing countries so long as they do not exercise their claims to special and differential treatment in the form of lesser requirements to reform. An important part of this result comes from the increases in market access on a nondiscriminatory basis by other developing countries.

Distribution of effects on global welfare Full liberalization of: Economy High-income Developing All Agriculture and food Textiles and clothing Other merchandise All goods 46 17 63 6 8 14 3 20 23 55 45 100 b. 6). Note: High-income economies include Europe’s transition economies that joined the EU in April 2004 as well as the four newly industrialized economies in Asia. Agriculture is where cuts are needed most. To realize the potential gain from opening up goods markets, by far the greatest cuts in bound tariffs and subsidies are required in agriculture.

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