By M. Houngnikpo
Matt Houngnikpo examines how family clash, fiscal stagnation, political instability, poverty and underdevelopment have plagued Africa for many years. He argues reversal of the political, fiscal and social plight of Africa lies in higher rules, reliable governance, and, extra importantly, a brand new kind of African chief and citizen.
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Extra resources for Africa’s Elusive Quest for Development
The year 1960 virtually ended an era that began with the “scramble for Africa” in the last part of the nineteenth century. That year saw most African nations become independent. Although only a few of these new states had been able to adapt to the world, most were convinced that they had secured in the form of the signs, symbols, and trappings, the substance of political sovereignty. Political sovereignty and the mystique of independence obscured the fact that the road ahead would be very difficult.
After all, Africa is not the only continent that has experienced imperialism and colonialism, even if African colonialism is more severe because of slavery and its impacts. Given the performance of ex-colonies on other continents, the reason for the execrable result of African economies and polities has to lie in sources other than colonialism and its legacy. 28 AFRICA’S ELUSIVE QUEST FOR DEVELOPMENT The new states emerged from colonial independence as replicas of their former masters. ”37 The manner of handing power was itself hazardous, because power was simply presented to those nationalists who had been most vociferous in their call for the end of colonialism.
Several African countries still struggle to democratize, with the chances of success seeming more and more remote in other countries. Because of disunity among the opposition, the skills of incumbent leaders, and outside support from allies, democracy’s travails continue unabated. The stakes are such that old regimes cling to power with unexpected resolve. Regardless of conjecture about an ideal sequence of economic and political liberalization, many African countries face concurrent political and economic reform.