A Marxist Philosophy of Language by Jean-Jacques Lecercle

By Jean-Jacques Lecercle

The aim of this booklet is to provide an actual intending to the formulation. English is the language of imperialism. knowing that assertion consists of a critique of the dominant perspectives of language, either within the box of linguistics (the booklet has a bankruptcy criticising Chomsky's learn programme) and of the philosophy of language (the e-book has a bankruptcy assessing Habermas's philosophy of communicative action). The e-book goals at developing a Marxist philosophy of language, embodying a view of language as a social, historic, fabric and political phenomenon. seeing that there hasn't ever been a powerful culture of brooding about language in Marxism, the e-book offers an outline of the query of Marxism in language (from Stalin's pamphlet to Volosinov booklet, taking in an essay via Pasolini), and it seeks to build a few suggestions for a Marxist philosophy of language. The e-book belongs to the culture of Marxist critique of dominant ideologies. it's going to be rather helpful to those that, within the fields of language learn, literature and communique reviews, have made up our minds that language isn't really simply an device of verbal exchange.

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If it can be shown that these rules do not really cover French – a language which is nevertheless typologically close to English – the Chomskyan monad will have the same complexity as its Leibnizian cousin and will require some transcendence to become philosophically credible. For, even if the detail of the linguistic phenomena – what differentiates French from English – is attributed to local parameters rather than universal principles, either these parameters are innate, and the human brain contains in its innermost recesses the totality of human languages, past, present and future; or they are not only triggered by experience, but determined by it – that is, acquired by the speaker.

But serious problems remain that warrant critical examination. The first is the division between internal and external linguistics. These two disciplines seem to share an object. English does not possess a word to contrast langue with langage; a single word is used which does not facilitate a distinction between the concepts. This would not matter if it did not induce confusion about the phenomena that fall under the jurisdiction of one or the other of the two disciplines. As we have seen, when he expounds his theory of the I-language, Chomsky talks not only about highly abstract universals, but also about semantic and syntactic phenomena that are likewise of great concern to external linguistics.

And he will indicate the vagueness of this abstraction by specifying that the container is typically seen from the outside, as shown by the contrast between my initial utterance and the following one: (2) He painted his cave in red ochre. But this is a perceptual, not a linguistic, contrast: certain container objects are typically or primarily perceived from the outside, others from the inside. The house pertains to the former category, the grotto or flat to the latter. The choice is determined by the position of the speaker’s body in relation to the object.

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